DRIVERLESS CARS and Global Market insight- Trend and Forecasting
Posted on: 2019-10-07 10:32:23
DRIVERLESS CARS- DRIVERLESS CARS and Global Market insight- Global Players and Forecast-
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For quite some time the automotive industry has been keen with investments in the new age technology of driverless cars , so we at WMR thought of taking a dip in the new age technology and clear the buzz.
Generally driverless car areone’s capable of moving with no human input by sensing its environment. This is made possible by variety of sensors that perceive the surroundings, which can be named inertial measurement units , radar, Lidar, sonar, GPS and odometry. Control systems are used to navigate the paths by sensing the environment through sensory organs. This technology is now primarily being put for public transport and fleet vehicles to maximize their implications for the general masses across the nations but soon will have life changing implications in all aspects of mobility.
The history dates long back, since 1920 we have conceptualized the idea of driverless cars and experiments began in 1950. Japan's Tsukuba Mechanical Engineering Laboratory developed the first automated car was developed in 1977with a top speed of 30 kms/hr later in 1980 we started witnessing numerous prototypes. DARPA in 1984 funded Carnegie Mellon University's Navlab and ALV and also in 1987 Mercedes-Benz and Bundeswehr University funded Munich's EUREKA Prometheus Project this saw a major boost in the race with many more similar fundings. In 1991 US allocated $650 million on behalf of the National Automated Highway System, 2015 saw the clearance of 6 US states for testing of driverless cars on public roads along with Germany, Netherlands and Spain.
The breakthrough came in December 2018,Waymo autonomous taxi service of US came up with the first fully commercial driverless car. With detection and tracking of other moving objects (DATMO)Waymo has developed a system called SLAM (simultaneous localization and mapping)to identify moving objects and pedestrians.
The same year, MIT announced its expertise in building an automated car that can drive on unmapped roads. Maplite was developed by researchers at CSAIL which claims to allow cars to drive on roads like never before without 3D maps. In January 2019 Russia’s internet giant Yandex tested its cars in Las Vegas and continued testing even in International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) 8–11 January. Ministry of Transport of Israel allowed Yandex to further test on public roads in 2019.
This new technological advancement has its own pros and cons and it won’t be fair to undermine the basic characteristics.
Homogenization and decoupling
Digital information from the various techniques (e.g. radar, GPS, motion sensors and computer vision) has to be stored in a homogenous way, which means same form of information with differences being decoupled for better understanding by the vehicle systems.
Autonomous vehicles are enabled with communication systems to communicate with roadside units to know about road work or traffic congestion. Future will have computer programs to connect and manage each individual autonomous vehicle through its route thus reducing the dependability on traffic signals and road mappings.
Similar to the mobile phones, driverless cars will run on programs that will auto update and relearn from its AI systems. Thus reducing the load of manual updates and reprogramming.
Driverless cars have to be interoperating with roadside cars and other systems to make their way thus leaving digital traces. Such traces of this new model of mobility will enable to study and develop new systems for better results and find advancements.
AUTOMATED TRUCKS- Least left behind
To add the least there is almost equivalent buzz in the trucking and logistics arena too keeping in mind and vast span of this industry. Otto,(a self driving truck giant) demonstrated their trucks before being acquired by Uber in August 2016. Peterbilt's vehicles too wouldn’t mind being left behind as a result announced a partnership with Embark, San Francisco-based startup in May to develop automated technology for their trucks. 2016 saw the first successful commercial delivery of beer under the joint venture of , Anheuser-Busch Inc and Uber Technologies Inc.Starsky Robotics in March 2018 completed its first 11 Kms run , becoming the first to run on public roads without a person. In China, auto giant Baidu and King Long have expertise in automated buses with 14 seater capacity without driver, 2018 will marked the first year with 100 such units being produced and used for the masses.
Lockheed Martin developed a convoy system which can drive number of trucks with the initial one being human controlled, funded by the US army; developed as a part of the Army’s Autonomous Mobility Applique System (AMAS), consists of a driving package that drives nine types of different vehicles as a convoy, has completed 55,000 hours of driving with a speed of 40 mph.
Cities across the globe are planning to operate transport systems relevant and to facilitate driverless mobility like Europe, cities in Belgium, France, Italy and the UK. The French Government in 2015 summer allowed PSA Peugeot-Citroen to make trails in the Paris city for automated driving.
SAFETY- McKinsey & Company estimated that driverless vehicles will eliminate 90% of road accidents in US thus saving $190 billion in health costs and related damages. Auto pundits predict that this new mobility will let off accidents caused by human errors and its different forms thus saving the lives of millions of people.
WELFARE-Reduced labor costs, reducing behind the wheels commuting hours thus giving more time for leisure or work, erase distractions while driving like texting, chatting etc also a ray of hope for elderly and low income citizens.
TRAFFIC-Better ride quality, higher speed, and reduced traffic congestion, reduced need of traffic Police and along with all least dependence on road signage.
Lower costs-With the entire tech and the digitalization coming in, cost of insurances will drastically reduce due to less road accidents and its threats.
Energy and environmental impacts-Driverless cars will accelerate less and break better thus increasing mileage also due to higher speed and due to less traffic congestion fuel efficiency shall be more enhanced. Inter-operational networking will benefit them to take shorter routes and thus saving more fuel.
Driverless cars will be more driven and consistent whereas manually driven one’s are only 4-5% driven and remaining 95% of the time being parked.
Below is the detailed list of some of the major investments in the run of driverless technology
1. Ford $1 billion investment in Argo AI
2. Toyota research Institute $1 billion
3. Uber purchased Otto for $680 million
4. GM acquired CRUZE AUTOMATION for $580 millions
5. Intel to buy Mobileye for $15.3 billion
6. GM invests $500 million in LYFT- drive sharing startup
7. VOLVO and Uber $300 million JV
8. Hyundai $1.7 billion R & D
9. Intel $250 million in driverless AI tech.
Having detailed the race and competition is so vast that 5G is a must needed network to be able to process and analyses the data received through all the sensors of driverless vehicles. But there is no denying to the fact that the race is heated and mankind will experience the best of its mobility option in no time.
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